DETAIL : COLOGNE SCHOOL Germany Virgin and Child with Saints [Triptych of the Virgin and Child with Saints (left panel) Virgin and Child with Saints (left panel)]
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Yves TANGUY | Vieil horizon [Old horizon]
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Yves TANGUY
France 1900 – United States of America 1955
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Vieil horizon
[Old horizon]
1928
oil on canvas
100.0 (h) x 73.0 (w) cm
signed and dated l.r., oil, "YVES TANGUY 28"
Purchased 1983
NGA 1983.3139
© Yves Tanguy. Licensed by ARS & VISCOPY, Australia
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Biography

Yves Tanguy was born on 5 January 1900 at the Ministry of the Marine, Place de la Concorde, Paris, where his father, a retired sea captain was employed. He joined the merchant navy in 1918 and spent a year-and-a-half as a cadet officer on cargo boats. In 1920 he was called up for military service and while stationed at Luneville he met the poet Jacques Prevert. In Tanguy's own recollection it was the chance seeing of a painting by Giorgio de Chirico, The child's brain 1914, in the window of Paul Guillaume's gallery in Paris in 1923 which prompted him to become a painter. Shortly afterwards he joined the Surrealists, becoming a close friend of Andre Breton who wrote the catalogue for his first solo exhibition at the Galerie Surrealiste, Paris, in 1927. By this time Tanguy's distinctive style of biomorphic forms floating in vast vacuum-like spaces was already formed. During the late 1920s and throughout the 1930s he exhibited with the Surrealists in Paris. In 1936 he contributed to the 'International Surrealist Exhibition' at New Burlington Galleries, London, and was also included in 'Fantastic Art, Dada, Surrealism' at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. In 1938 he participated in the 'Exposition Internationale du Surrealism' at the Galerie des Beaux-Arts, Paris. In 1939 he had the first of many solo exhibitions at the Pierre Matisse Gallery, New York. In the same year he moved to the United States, and after travelling through the American south-west with the American painter Kay Sage, whom he married in 1940, he settled in Woodbury, Connecticut. He became an American citizen in 1948. In 1940 his first museum exhibition was organised by the Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut, and was subsequently presented at the Arts Club of Chicago and at the Museum of Modern Art, San Fransisco. Throughout the 1940s he continued to hold solo exhibitions at the Pierre Matisse Gallery. Tanguy died on 15 January 1955 in Woodbury, Connecticut.

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