DETAIL : COLOGNE SCHOOL Germany Virgin and Child with Saints [Triptych of the Virgin and Child with Saints (left panel) Virgin and Child with Saints (left panel)]
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Carl ANDRE | Chain well
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Carl ANDRE
United States of America born 1935
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Chain well
Chain well 1964
wood, steel chain
overall 106.0 (h) x 45.7 (w) x 45.7 (d) cm
each 8.7 (h) x 8.7 (w) x 45.7 (d) cm
not signed, not dated
Purchased 1979
NGA 1980.1039.A-X
© Carl Andre. Licensed by VAGA & VISCOPY, Australia
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Biography

Carl Andre was born in Quincy, Massachusetts, on 16 September 1935. He studied at the Phillips Academy, Andover, between 1951 and 1953. In 1954 he travelled to England and France, returning to serve in the army in 1955 and 1956. He moved to New York in 1957, working for a short time during the summer of 1958 in the studio of painter Frank Stella, where he made his first large sculptures in wood scavenged from neighbourhood building sites. He planned a series of wooden structures in 1960, the 'Element' series, but was unable to construct them through lack of funds. He spent the next four years working with the Pennsylvania Railroad. In 1964 he showed his work in the exhibition '8 Young Artists' at the Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, New York, and the following year contributed to the group show 'Shape and Structure' at the Tibor de Nagy Gallery, New York. His first solo exhibition was held at the same gallery two months later. to the exhibition 'Primary Structures' at the Jewish Museum, New York, in 1966, he contributed Lever, a row of 137 bricks that created more controversy than any other work on display. Numerous solo exhibitions followed in the United States and Europe, using bricks, metal plates and wooden modules in regular configurations. In 1970 he was given a retrospective exhibition at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York. The Kunsthalle in Berne mounted an important exhibition of his work in 1975. A solo exhibition of Andre's work was held at the Haags Gemeentemuseum, The Hague, and Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, Eindhove, in 1987. Andre lives and works in New York.

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